This category includes processes that date from the 19th century. Some lasted into the 20th century, some into the 21st; others were extinct within a decade. The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Photographic processes dating from the 19th century. See also: Category:Photographic techniques dating from the 19th century. Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory.
Category:Photographic processes dating from the 19th century
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The decades following photography’s experimental beginnings in the s and the public availability of a practical photographic process from were characterised by the introduction of a bewildering proliferation of photographic processes. Daguerre’s silvered metal plate, which created a unique photographic image, was swiftly challenged by the negative-positive processes on paper, developed and championed by William Henry Fox Talbot and others.
In the s paper gave way to glass as the preferred negative support and the salted paper print of the s was superseded by albumen and other papers. This evolution was driven by a complex interrelationship of artistic, technical and commercial needs. If individual photographers defended the superior expressive potential of particular processes and techniques, scientific attention, aware of the fugitive silver image’s proneness to fading, was being directed towards printing processes using more permanent compounds, such as carbon.
The many different processes that were introduced during photography’s first half-century possessed both technical and artistic merits and disadvantages, and each contributed to the remarkable variety of nineteenth-century photography. The following selection illustrates only a few of the most significant of these, but each highlights the remarkable variety of aesthetic and technical ingenuity devoted to photography in its formative years.
Announced in Paris in , the daguerreotype was the first publicly available photographic process.
Developing skills for identifying vintage photos
Concentrating on professional studio portraits, it is designed to aid the amateur family historian in assessing photographic material from a time when the technology was developing at a phenomenal rate: as Robert Pols notes in his introduction, the Victorian period spanned the era from the announcement of the invention of photography to the snapshot. For the newcomer whose interest is genealogy rather than photography per se it can all be rather confusing.
The book is a revised version of Dating Old Photographs , which has been split into two, the second volume covering the early part of the twentieth century. Improvements came thick and fast, and Pols touches on these and social aspects as photography became widespread and the costs fell. He notes that many studio photographers were unadventurous and tended to follow convention, a reluctance to innovate which can assist the historian to date the photographs they produced.
Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography / John Hannavy, ed. p. cm. Includes by date, by named image-maker, by area, or by process to name but four.
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1 September ; 71 3 : — This use of photography as a template in the architectural representation of a contemporary building predates by almost twenty years what later became common practice. In The Template of Photography in Nineteenth-century Architectural Representation, Neil Levine marshals histories of the book and of photography to help explain the context in which Labrouste developed this idea.
A t the core of this essay are a photograph and an engraving of it Figures 1 , 2. It is the first photograph to come to light of a contemporary building made on commission and in view of some form of publication. The photograph dates from the first year of their partnership and may be their earliest known effort at architectural photography. It clarifies some of the important national differences regarding architectural representation in the nineteenth century while revealing how the method of representation itself could become an active agent in the production of architectural meaning.
No art was more closely linked to the early development of photography than architecture. Yet very little work has been done on how photography aided contemporary architecture in the creative process of design and diffusion. I will deal with all these points but will begin with the first and the last. Arago expanded on his discussion of the historical origins and development of the daguerreotype in a report read before the National Assembly six months later, where he successfully called upon the government to purchase the patent on the process and make it freely available to the public.
He again stressed the documentary value of the medium. Daguerre is an immense service rendered to the arts. That belief, however, was grounded in the relatively limited role thought to be the province of architectural photography, namely, the impartial recording and accurate documentation of historical monuments.
Dating Nineteenth Century Photographs
We can either copy our records onto paper or deliver them to you digitally. Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free. Consider paying for research. The National Archives holds one of the largest and most significant collections of photographs in the United Kingdom. Running into millions of individual items, these photographs have been amassed during the working lives of central government departments and cover the historical time-span of the medium itself.
Dating Nineteenth Century Photographs by Robert Pols at – ISBN – ISBN – Federation of Family History.
What is Orientalist photography? Norbert Schiller Collection, unknown photographer. Research on photography of the Middle East has deepened over the past few decades to include more histories of indigenous photographers and a wider range of categories of photography, while still demonstrating how Orientalism is a useful critical concept. Some scholars have also looked within the Middle East for counter-responses, resistances, and engagements with the European Orientalist vision.
The discussion continues to expand as scholars investigate photographic practices in specific historical, social, and territorial contexts with various degrees of engagement with the concept of Orientalism. The visual conventions of late nineteenth-century photographs of the Middle East varied widely depending on audience and purpose. The focus here is on how these two long-standing studios chose to photograph people in public places such as markets, streets, mosques, and baths in the period In this way, it is the purpose of this essay to show how Orientalism is a useful lens for analyzing the photography of this period, but that not all products of commercial photography studios can be labeled Orientalist.
Combining essential theory with “how-to” technical instruction, this concise guide is the leading reference for basic techniques in sedation and anxiety control in the dental office. The latest guidelines from the ADA and the American Society of Anesthesiologists keep you up-to-date with the latest medical standards. Content on patient management for pediatric, geriatric, physically compromised, and medically compromised patients helps you successfully treat any patient population.
Labirint Ozon. Batavia in Nineteenth Century Photographs. Scott Merrillees.
Dating Nineteenth Century Photographs was published by the Federation of Family History Societies in Concentrating on professional.
Since its introduction, photography has found an application in medicine. Many physicians embraced the potential of this technology as a valued adjunct to patient care, research, and education. Medical photography dates back to the mid-nineteenth century, a few years after the birth of modern photography. The earliest medical portrait of a patient is a calotype of a woman with a large goiter taken in ca.
They mainly produced classical studio portraits of people amongst the different social classes and professions. The woman is photographed on a dark background, she is clearly recognizable, and her social class can be deduced from her dress. In many of these images, the scene may also include the presence of hospital staff, who held or touched patients, and the appearance of the disease was not the principal subject of the photograph.
Hermann Wolff Berend, founder of a Berlin orthopedic clinic, and Hugh Welch Diamond, a British psychiatrist, are considered to be the first consistent users of photography within medicine in the early s. His collection contains hundreds of photographs which combine both portrait and clinical conventions. He combined his medical expertise with photographic training he was one of the founder members of the Photographic Society and was one of the first clinicians to use photographs for different purposes: to evaluate physiognomy, to diagnose the disease, to present case reports, and to show the progress of treatment.
He also shared his pictures with his patients as a part of therapy, because he believed that accurate self-image could force them to recognize their illness. From skin diseases to war trauma, psychiatry, tropical infections, and orthopedics, clinical photographs were increasingly used to record disease progression, rare diseases, and medical techniques. Duchenne, thinking that each emotion had its own specific facial muscle, used faradic stimulation to stimulate the facial muscles and photography to record their actions.
In America the use of the daguerreotype was much more popular than in Europe.
How to Date Your Old Photos
The Library is online and ready to help you. Learn more about our online services. All Library spaces are currently closed to patrons except for the Regenstein lobby pickup area. These early photographs stand now as important documents of the history of photography.
This article explores how photographs published in the French medical and, to some extent, the popular press helped readers to interpret.
You might begin class with a discussion that bridges a review of Romanticism with the introduction of photography. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Background readings might include the textbook, selected thematic essays from the Metropolitan Museum of Art or Victoria and Albert Museum websites, or this Smarthistory article. Additionally, the Victoria and Albert Museum provides an excellent guide to photographic techniques.
Videos are a good way of demonstrating the difficulties of early photographic processes as well as explaining their later industrialization. The British Museum has a demonstration of the calotype , and the Getty has good videos for both the daguerreotype and the wet collodion process that could be watched in class or assigned along with the readings above. Dedicating a lecture or lectures to the history of photography presents students with the opportunity to consider the aesthetic, cultural, and social dimensions of art through a medium they have engaged with throughout their lives.
The photography lecture is, therefore, a good place to discuss larger themes such as the relationship of an original to a copy, an image to its material support, and representation to reality. Scope: Since the mid-nineteenth century, photography was considered an objective representation of reality, despite its limitations with regard to capturing color or movement and its capacity for manipulation.
This lesson focuses on how photographers explored the possibilities of the new medium in a variety of genres including portraiture, scientific documentation, and travel photography, and ultimately as a mass medium and tool of persuasion.
Dating nineteenth century photographs of people
The millions of photographs in the Museum’s collections compose a vast mosaic of the nation’s history. Photographs accompany most artifact collections. Thousands of images document engineering projects, for example, and more record the steel, petroleum, and railroad industries. Some , images capture the history, art, and science of photography. Nineteenth-century photography, from its initial development by W.
Department of Photographs, The Metropolitan Museum of Art his place, and the celebrated nineteen-year partnership of Southworth and Hawes was born.
AARP Rewards is here to make your next steps easy, rewarding and fun! Learn more. Two young men stare out at me from a small old photograph. On the back, in my grandmother’s handwriting, is written “Grandpa King’s brothers. At least I’ve got some information to work with, but I’m eager to learn more: When was the picture taken?
Which two of my great-grandfather’s brothers are these? Michael and Peter? Peter and Timothy? Michael and Timothy? Time to log on to the computer!